- US President Donald Trump and North Korea’s Kim Jong-un have failed to reach a deal
- Mr Trump said the talks failed over North Korean sanctions demands
- The US president said there hadn’t been enough progress on denuclearisation for the US to agree
- They were following up on their historic meeting last year in Singapore, which delivered a vague but optimistic agreement
- The main topic of discussion was whether North Korea will ever agree to give up its nuclear weapons
- There has been no word from Mr Kim following the talks
We’ve got the first response from South Korea – which of course is deeply invested in this process.
The government says the failure to reach a deal is “disappointing” but adds that progress made was “more than ever”.
Several of you have asked us on Facebook about landmines and the DMZ.
Victoria Telford asks: “Denuclearisation is likely to be a long slow process if it happens, but clearing the highly symbolic border zone of over a million landmines would be a huge peace-building step. It would be a powerful statement of peace to rid that area of landmines, especially if a humanitarian de-mining group were to do it. Is this on the table for discussion?”
We asked the BBC’s Laura Bicker:
“North and South Korea have been working to de-mine small parts of the DMZ. Firstly to enable teams to look for the remains [of the war dead and others killed in the area] and also to turn the Joint Security Area – the area around the blue huts – into a tourist zone.”This is something they do alongside and with the permission of the UN Command at the DMZ. The hope is more of this work will take place between the two Koreas. But they don’t need Donald Trump’s permission for this.”
Hope that helps, Victoria.
Air Force One has lifted off.
Vietnamese officials at the airport are making the most of history and getting a quick group photo in front of Air Force One before it takes off.Copyright: BBC
President Trump said he would call South Korea’s President Moon Jae-in from the plane. That may be a tricky phone call.
The BBC’s Robin Brant, who’s in Seoul, says the abrupt end to the Hanoi summit will inevitably knock the momentum Mr Moon has built with his enthusiastic support for the talks and closer links between the two Koreas.
“The truth is that much closer economic co-operation is predicated on an end to UN sanctions, which we now know won’t happen soon. But President Moon will push on with plans to link up cross-border road and rail knowing he’s got what he wants most: a stable security environment. According to Donald Trump, Kim Jong-un promised no new nuclear or missile testing.”
Unexpectedly, there’s been huge peak in interest in Otto Warmbier after his sad case was brought up at the press conference with Mr Trump. Lots of people are Googling his name wanting to know the story behind that question. Here’s our story from 2017 on how a student trip ended in jail and death.Copyright: BBC
Mr Trump is clearly not spending a minute more in Hanoi – he’s at the airport now, saying goodbye to his Vietnamese hosts.Copyright: Reuters
We haven’t heard anything from Kim Jong-un – so our understanding of what happened today is only based on what President Trump has said.
But what will the North Korean regime tell its people?
The world through its media
Now that we know that the sanctions on North Korea were the deal-breaker, what could Pyongyang do next?
In his 2019 New Year’s speech, Kim Jong-un had said that North Korea could be forced to adopt a “new way” if the US did not lift sanctions. What that could entail is up for debate.
Here’s what he said:
Quote Message: Only if the United States does not keep its promise made in front of the world, misjudges our people’s patience, tries to unilaterally force us to do something, and continues with sanctions and pressure on our Republic, we might have no choice but to be obliged to reluctantly seek a new way to defend the country’s sovereignty and the state’s supreme interest and achieve peace and stability on the Korean peninsula” from Kim Jong-un
Donald Trump gave a press conference after it became clear that talks with North Korea had ended two hours early, and without a peace declaration being agreed.
Here are the key bits:
- He said there were options for a deal but “we decided not to do any of the options”, adding: “It wasn’t a good thing to be signing anything.”
- Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said both sides had resolved to continue and he was still optimistic.
- However, there is no firm commitment to a third summit.
- In the end, it was about the sanctions – North Korea wanted them lifted entirely in exchange for dismantling its Yongbyon nuclear facility. The US wasn’t willing to agree to that.
- But Trump said Mr Kim promised him he would continue not test nuclear weapons or long-range missiles.
- Trump said he has a “great relationship” with South Korea’s President Moon Jae-in and would call him soon to discuss the outcome.
- He condemned the fact his former lawyer and fixer Michael Cohen gave testimony to Congress during the summit, calling it “terrible” and branding Cohen a liar.
- Trump said he believed Mr Kim did not know about the alleged torture of Otto Warmbier, an American student who was detained in North Korea and died days after he was returned to the US in July 2017.
The lack of progress or plan to get Kim Jong-un to give up his weapons will allow critics to ask what is the point.
Many claim Donald Trump is giving Mr Kim a global platform to appear to be a normal, peace-loving nuclear power. However, those close to these negotiations say they are laying the groundwork for a relationship with North Korea. Now Mr Kim has his arsenal, these talks will at the very least ensure he is unlikely to use it.
Hanoi has heavily branded itself as the “City for Peace” this week – these signs are everywhere.
A summit which is being reported around the world as a failure is going to be hugely disappointing. The authorities here clearly wanted Hanoi to be known as the location which witnessed a breakthrough, not a collapse.Copyright: BBC
Donald Trump has now ended the media conference at the Marriott Hotel.
“I’m about to get back on a plane and fly back to a wonderful place called Washington DC,” he said.
The entire press conference lasted about 40 minutes.Copyright: Reuters
Mr Trump was asked whether he wanted to apply even more sanctions on North Korea.
“I don’t want to talk about increasing sanctions. They are strong,” he said.
“There are people in North Korea that have to live also… I would say my whole attitude changed a lot because I got to know Chairman Kim very well.”
Earlier he said that North Korea wanted all sanctions lifted but “we couldn’t do that”.Copyright: AFP
Mr Trump is very clearly insisting that Mr Kim knew nothing about the case of Otto Warmbier, the US student who was jailed in North Korea and died shortly after being sent home on medical grounds.
Mr Warmbier’s parents believe he was tortured and killed by North Korea. Ahead of this summit, there were appeals to Mr Trump to raise it with Mr Kim.
He says he did and that Mr Kim felt “bad” about it, but was not involved in Mr Warmbier’s treatment or death. Here’s what we do know about what happened to Otto, who went to North Korea on an adventurous holiday.
Mr Trump confirms that he and Mr Kim have discussed American Otto Warmbier, who was detained in North Korea and died days after he was returned to the US in July 2017.
“We’ve talked about it… I really don’t think it was in his interests at all… what happened is horrible. I really believe something very bad happened to him, and I don’t think the leadership knew about it,” Mr Trump says.
“I got the prisoners back, I got the hostages back… Otto came back in shape that was not even to be talked about. The others came back extremely healthy…
“I did speak about it, and I don’t believe that he would have allowed that to happen. Prisons are rough, they’re bad places, and bad things happen.”
He says Mr Kim “felt very badly about it”, adding: “He knew the case very well… In those prisons, those camps, you have a lot of people.
“He tells me he didn’t know about it, and I will take him at his word.”
“We’ll be able to do that very easily,” said Mr Trump when asked about international inspections of North Korea’s nuclear sites.
But he did not suggest this would happen anytime soon.
“The inspections on North Korea will take place… if we do something with them. We know things about certain sites and certain places… we would be able to do inspections very successfully.”
Mr Trump has been asked by NK News what he will say to South Korea’s President Moon Jae-in.
Mr Moon can only serve one term in office, and he’s nearly done. It’s been something of a personal mission for him to achieve a breakthrough with North Korea, and he has had his own landmark meetings with Kim Jong-un. South Korea has a lot to lose if North Korea walks away from diplomacy entirely now. Which it has done before.
“I like President Moon very much… we have a great relationship,” said Mr Trump. “Believe it or not I have a great relationship with almost every leader but some take advantage of our country.
“We’ll be calling Moon very soon and he’ll be one of the first calls, I’ll be calling Abe of Japan [too]. Moon is working very hard – he’d love to see a deal, he’s been very helpful.”